Thursday, July 10, 2014


Counselor for Economic Affairs and Scientific Cooperation, Embassy of Mexico in El Salvador. (Between August 2009 and August 2012).
Central American Integration System
The dynamism of trade and investment between Mexico and El Salvador has been largely improved since the entry into force in 2001 of the Free Trade Agreement between Mexico and El Salvador in the framework of the Treaty of Northern Triangle including Guatemala and Honduras. Investments of Mexican companies are close to 1500 million US dollars according to  non official estimates of January 2010 and Salvadorean business investments in Mexico grew steadily especially Salvadoran SMEs. 
Also to be considered is the Free Trade in North America (NAFTA) that includes more than 35 million consumers of Mexican descent living in the USA and nearly 3 million people of Salvadorean origin settled in the United States. Many of the younger immigrants were born in the USA. 
In total, nearly 54 million Latinos are living in the United States and the growth of the Latino market in the U.S is steady. this huge Latino market equals or exceeds the purchasing power of countries like Mexico and Central America combined. 
Many immigrants in the United States dream of starting a business or build a business of imports and exports, and both Mexico and El Salvador receive with open arms their hometown nationals who wish to return and start investing in their homes-countries. In El Salvador there is a clientele hungry for products from Mexico, there are potential buyers who appreciate and wish to sell goods imported from Mexico. 
Find guidance in the section of Economic Affairs of the Embassy of Mexico in San Salvador that is under my responsability and I will help you to find the addresses and telephone numbers of Mexican companies that you are interested as well as local firms in El Salvador. 
To begin, visit the following websites:   these are the websites of Mexican government entities promoting investments in Mexico and Mexican exports,  Promexico, the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and the Secretary of Economy. 
Visit website of Embassy of Mexico in El Salvador:    
( Tel 503-2231-3000
How to contact Salvadoran firms 
To start businesses and strengthen business relationships with Salvadoran companies, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of El Salvador offers an effective solution to entrepreneurs in other countries as well as Salvadoran entrepreneurs seeking to internalize their business.  
Business Opportunities
If you want to promote products and services for searching representatives or partnerships, the Chamber will be a key ally. This service optimizes time and maximizes the resources of the businessmen who seek to establish productive relations in El Salvador. 
On this site you will find advice on Trade and Investment, Trade Opportunities, Economic Indicators, Statistics of Foreign Trade, Directory of Exporters and Importers, General Profile of El Salvador. 
It contains economic information (bulletins, economic indicators and statistics) Financial Information (legislation, financial data). And procedures with SISEX (read below). 
The SICEX - Integrated Foreign Trade System, a system that connects through the Internet, exporters, and government entities, agencies linked to foreign trade and the Center for Export Procedures, (CENTREX)  
Contains a directory of domain of El Salvador (SV), You can register Web domain, request IP number .... 
You can perform the calculation of import of vehicles, tax information and other services provided by the Ministry. 
National Registration Center (CNR):    
Services provided by the Directorate of Cadastre, Register of Commerce and Intellectual Property Registration Property & Mortgages Root, National Geographic Institute. 
Guide found paperwork concerning this ministry, law, prices news, business information, Economic and Social Information .... 
What is ADES?
The Association of Distributors of El Salvador - ADES, is an entity completely apolitical and nonprofit, seeking to defend, encourage and promote the interests of its membership, since they represent 85% of consumer products offered in the Salvadoran market. 
ADES has succeeded in becoming a union representative for the distributor sector, achieving and encouraging the growth of domestic trade. Its partners are authorized to represent dealers in El Salvador to companies, foreign or domestic houses with different products. Also, explore to become a membership in the National Association of Private Enterprise –ANEP-, it ensures your relations with important actors in the national economy of El Salvador.  
To defend the interest of distributors, to promote union, business opportunities and competitive development of members, thus obtaining the benefit of its members and their customers, stimulating the development of the commercial sector and contributing to the economic and country's social. 
Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock of El Salvador ... 
Institution dedicated to promoting and facilitating fairs, exhibitions, conventions and other national and international events .... 
Iberoamerican Association of Chambers of Commerce:   
Latin American Organization that integrates and coordinates to the Chambers of Commerce and Industry and other sectors of its geographical area ...
BORSICCA is a tool created to support the exchange of waste through an electronic system that allows marketing use or reinstatement of these, the different production chains that are developed in the region ....
As part of a strategy to push the bill in different countries, on August 26th, 2009, was launched in BORSICCA in El Salvador, whose local manager and operator will be the Chamber of Agriculture and Agribusiness in El Salvador (CAMAGRO) and the Foundation National Center for Cleaner Production (CNP + L). This event was attended by representatives of furniture manufacturing industries, cement, paper and cardboard, poultry, among others. 
Since the launching of BORSICCA, it has been conducted in Guatemala by the Guatemalan Center for Cleaner Production (CGP + L), who presented on July 30 BORSICCA to the business community of this country and are pending the release of same in Nicaragua. BORSICCA account since early 2008, funded by the Cooperation Agreement CCAD / USAID / CAFTA-DR and Regional Cooperation Program for Environment with Central America in partnership with the Spanish Agency of International Development Cooperation (AECI) and Spain Fund SICA, coordinated by the Guatemalan Center for Cleaner Production, and the implementation of various activities by the Cleaner Production Center of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. 
Subsequently, in June 2008, extending the project, with funding from the Biodiversity Foundation of Spain and Support AECID SICA / CCAD / Support Environment Plan with Central Araucaria XXI from the Biodiversity Foundation and the AECI. This extension considered worked on the implementation of additional activities in cleaner production for the countries of Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.  CAMAGRO Who are we?
The Chamber of Agriculture and Agribusiness in El Salvador (CAMAGRO) is a private, apolitical, non-profit. Its primary objective is to link all natural and legal persons engaged in activities related to agriculture, forestry, fishing, food processing and other related activities
Being the guild leader and inclusive conditions conducive to the development of agricultural and agribusiness sector strong, competitive and successful.
To safeguard the interests of agricultural and agribusiness sector and boost its competitiveness and integration of productive chains.
Macro strategy:
Creating an agricultural policy in the medium and long term and lead to strategies for achieving its adoption by the next government.
CAMAGRO has the goal of getting to lobby and influence the relevant government bodies for the implementation of agricultural policy.
If you are a Mexican investor and you are residing in El Salvador you should join or at least attend business meetings and workshops organized by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of El Salvador (, also should establish contact with the Salvadoran Chamber of Industries ( ) and if you are interested in agricultural and agribusiness sector should establish contact with  
These chambers  will serve you with speed and great kindness, you can also send an email to their contact information emails in their official websites. For young entrepreneurs who start a business or are professionals  that in the near future are thinking to start a business, there is in San Salvador Chamber of Commerce and Industry of El Salvador ( An ideal organization where all events, conferences and meetings bring together entrepreneurs eager to make new contacts.
CAMARASAL is a very dynamic and active organization that helps new entrepreneurs and you can become a member from a share accessible to the year for those who are entrepreneurs or prospective annual individual membership, please call Tel 503-2231-3000
To start businesses and strengthen business relationships with Salvadoran companies, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of El Salvador offers an effective solution to entrepreneurs in other countries as well as Salvadoran entrepreneurs seeking to internalize their business. If you want to promote products and services for representatives or partnerships. This service optimizes time and maximizes the resources of the businessmen who seek to establish productive relations in El Salvador.
CAMARASAL was the organization hosting the event business: Name: Business Meeting MEXICO - EL SALVADOR 2009
Date: 23 to 26 November
Frequency: Annual
Venue: Chamber of Commerce and Industry of El Salvador
Host Country: El Salvador
No. of Exhibitors: 12 Mexican companies
Organizer: Trade Point Mexico
Contributors: Embassy of Mexico in El Salvador, Sria of Finance via the SME Fund and
Visitors Profile: Sector: multisectoral
Event Profile: Business Meeting
El Salvador, San Salvador, 2009.
If you live in Santa Ana, San Miguel, Sonsonate and La Union you should join CAMARASAL Regional Office:
San Salvador. Phone: (503) 2231-3000 (503) 2231-3000
Fax: (503) 2271 - 4461. Email:
Santa Ana Phone: (503) 2440 - 5446 (503) 2440 - 5446
Fax: (503) 2440 - 1338. Email:
San Miguel. Phone: (503) 2683 - 8800 (503) 2683 - 8800
Fax: (503) 2683 - 8802. Email:
Sonsonate. Phone: (503) 2451 - 7225 (503) 2451 - 7225
Fax: (503) 2451 - 2929. Email:
La Union. Phone: (503) 2604-0330 (503) 2604-0330
Fax: (503) 2604-0330. Email:
It is not difficult to register a company or business, in each municipal or county registration office there is a business registration desk in each city government and you need to apply, they will ask the name of the business to start, line of business, payment of a fee between for registration and a similar share to maintain current annual registration.
To start or expand a small business in San Salvador or other cities in El Salvador you should visit the website of the local city: If you have Internet access (or you can visit any public library) you should visit the local business chamber and government websites and visit local banks for information about loans for small firms in San Salvador.
You may want to visit the following website to relocate your business in El Salvador:  bellow follows a current PROESA report
Distance Business Services
STREAM, Sykes, Teleperformance, Transactel, Crowley Shared Services, Wallenius Wilhelmsen Logistics DIGITEX are some of the world-renowned companies have established projects in El Salvador and services that provide business services to clients Distance in the Western Hemisphere - especially those related to Call Center / Centers Contact Centers and Business Process.
The relocation and / or outsourcing of business services from abroad have become a good opportunity for companies to meet high productivity at lower costs.
El Salvador, located in Central America, allows companies a strategic option in terms of location, allowing easy access to U.S. and South America.
The quality of its workforce, adequate infrastructure and continually renewed, and its favorable investment climate, making El Salvador an ideal destination for business development and operations of Enterprise Services to establish a Distancia.
Investment Opportunities
In recent years, the contact center industry has been the most dynamic segment in the services sector in El Salvador. Contact centers established in the country can be categorized into three areas:
Customer service, sales and technical support.
All these companies have found the Salvadoran labor quality and language skills that enable providing world class services globally.
El Salvador offers a business climate and infrastructure ideal for businesses looking to centralize and expand its operations in the Western Hemisphere. Establish a transaction relating to Remote Enterprise Services in El Salvador allows significant reduction in costs through process optimization and resources as well as lower prices in the acquisition of property, human resources and telecommunications services.
Some of the business services currently provided from El Salvador are: Customer Service, Telemarketing, Technical Support, Software Development, Document Processing, Sales Specialist, accounting and documentation processes
Why El Salvador?
Competitive and comparative advantages that El Salvador has in the sector:
* Weather appropriate business
* Political and economic stability, ensuring certainty and predictability during the period of presence in the country;
* Strategic location El Salvador shares the same time zone with the United States (U.S. Central zone; GMT - 6:00), which caters to customers from around the world;
* Access to major cities in the Western Hemisphere within normal travel schedule.
* Telecommunications infrastructure that lets you communicate with everyone
El Salvador offers access to advanced communications technologies, which allows us to offer faster and more reliable service at competitive prices; El Salvador is interconnected through 4 high quality optical fibers which guarantee a 99.9% redundancy, availability of highly labor productive, educated, creative and young, fast learning and service-oriented.
About 60% of the population of El Salvador are people under 36 years of age. This ensures the power access to manpower young and eager to work.
Labor costs are the lowest in the region, which is positioned to El Salvador as an ideal source of well trained human resources at competitive costs.
Cultural affinity with one of the largest markets in the world: the United States.
Availability of skilled manpower to serve the U.S. Hispanic market, equivalent to 15% of its total population and whose economic power as the Research Corporation Hispanic Market Strategy ("Strategy Research Corporation on Hispanic Market") will reach U.S. $ 1.2 trillion in 2012.
Higher Education.- El Salvador has 46 universities and technical institutes, with approximately 114,000 students aspiring to a degree or specialization in one or more races and / or academic and professional programs.
For more information contact: Julia Rosa Lima / Advisory Business Services Distance:
In El Salvador the documents needed for registration of a company are usually the Tax Identification Number (NIT) for all people without exception, DUI (single identity document if salvadorean) if you are a foreigner, you will need your residence document or valid passport from your country of origin, address where you will install the business, official identification such as driver's license and passport or an accepted form of identification by authorities in some cases it may be useful as a reference, to have your business bank account.
You have to investigate the local market before getting providers that want to import your goods and do customs clearance investigation to find out if your goods have to pay duties. Also, you should investigate whether the product you want to bring to your potential customers, if other retailers are already importing them, and to see if a product is very competitive and will be offered by other traders.
In a word, exploring and studying the market to get an idea of the possibility of selling the product we want to import. The same study be carried out if you think getting goods from El Salvador to Mexico. There are often established channels with low prices for certain products and is not feasible to compete as a small merchant. Useful links: ( ) ( and (
 It is worth exploring the website of Mexico states, for example, Guanajuato is: (, just change the name of the state, for other states. Every state has offices for migrants and attractive programs to support new investment or business in Mexico.
For example, the state of Guanajuato in Mexico has  page that has information about demand for Mexican products in the U.S. and support they can give the government of Guanajuato to potential exporters in the state.
It is essential to know whether a product that we bring to El Salvador has no health restrictions, ecological or the tax rate is high which makes unaffordable imported. For example, food and beverages must meet certain health standards and still be packaged, canned or tinned certain regulations must be met by the Ministry of Health of El Salvador.
In the case of certain crafts such as clay dinnerware manufactured from palm or vegetable there are certain rules as zero lead content in paint or clay dishes pest control in agricultural products. In other words, it is important to have a general idea of the requirements for importation to the U.S., not only the health standards for animal products and plant but to know the import regulations (labeling, net weight and drained, allowed conservatives, etc.) and tax rates approximate. Visit:
On this site you will find information on procedures or services that the Ministry of Public Health offers in relation to supervising and control of food and beverages.
Select from the list of procedures or services which you are interested or need, click on it and you'll see general information about each of these also may be downloaded to your PC the necessary forms, which, once completed, will be submitted to the Department of Food Hygiene in the Management of Environmental Health.
     * Rates of payment for services (pdf)
     * Extension of free sale certificate
     * Sanitary registration and / or renovation of imported food and beverages
     * Sanitary registration and / or renewal of national food and drink
     * Authorization to import foods, raw materials and food additives
     * Recognition of the Health Record Members of the Customs Union
     * Authorization of users to produce or import alcohol
     * Technical opinion conditions of handling and storage of chemicals
     * Installation and Operating Permit issued by Health Health Units
     * Application Form for Importation of Foods and Beverages (pdf)
From the operational point of view for import-export activities, you will  need to hire a custom broker. For these procedures in Mexico, visit the wevsite of the Confederation of Customs Brokers of Mexico:  website where you can get phone numbers and addresses of custom agents in Mexico. If you have small orders, it is necessary to evaluate costs, because sometimes can be cheaper to buy certain products to wholesalers or retail chains already established in your own country.
WHAT IS THE MEXICAN CUSTOMS AGENT .- In accordance with Article 159 of the Customs Law of Mexico in force is "a natural person authorized by the Ministry of Finance through a patent, employed to promote the clearance of goods under the various schemes under this law. " Customs brokers is not a public official is a member of the private initiative that contributes to the Treasury Department in controlling the entry and exit of goods, the proper payment of contributions and countervailing duties.
100% of cargo entering and leaving this country, 94%, is carried through customs agents, so we can say that the customs broker is a major strategic partners of Mexican companies and the federal treasury because the former is provided as a service "out sourcing customs" that allows companies to reduce major costs of operation and control of its operations and the second, helped with the audit and collection of contributions to foreign trade, as data highlight that the customs agents collect 44% of the national VAT.
The broker also checks:
• previous import permit before the Department of Economics.
• Certificates of origin.
• Treaties and trade agreements that Mexico has signed with other countries.
• Mexican official standards.
• Authorizations health.
• Permits phytozoosanitary health.
• Authorizations for environmental protection.
• Tagged business information.
• Marked by country of origin.
 In some cases better than the small importing business to associate with others of the same item to buy in bulk and service group to pay a broker. Visit:  
The equivalent site in El Salvador is:  of the Directorate General of Customs of El Salvador that provides comprehensive information on customs regulations, tariff system, rules of origin, trade agreements in force, border customs directory, inland, maritime, air, and more internal and peripheral information of interest to importers and exporters.
In the case of Mexico, the customs authority requires the importer or exporter who is registered in the register of exporters and importers in order to accomplish these tasks, which involves having a number of taxes in Mexico warrant or fourth. For this reason and the need to follow the steps to export it from Mexico is important to contact a broker to do the import motion to El Salvador. In the case of exporting products from El Salvador to Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras, salvadorena business people should use the facilities afforded by the free trade treaty between Mexico and the Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala) must take advice and service of a customs agent of each of the countries you want to export.
It is advisable to investigate the background of good customs agents so that there is full confidence in the work of loading, certificates of origin, tax collection, in-depth knowledge of exempted products and discounts on used goods, etc.. In the case of Salvadorean exports to Mexico is very likely for you to have a number of foreign taxes as if not a permanent resident or citizen of Mexico. Remember, your tax number (NIT) will not be useful in Mexico and other countries.
In the U.S. case, remember that many Salvadorans and Mexicans who are not U.S. residents successfully perform business at the U.S., many entrepreneurs Salvadoreans and Mexicans in the U.S. maintain their permanent residence in El Salvador or Mexico but participate in fairs and exhibitions in USA, others conduct business  in U.S. territory but these kind of business people do not want or need permanent residency in the United States because they have their permanent headquarters in Mexico or El Salvador.
If you are starting a business for sale at retail of imported products, most of the cities of El Salvador have local ordinances or regulations governing the operation of business. We recommend visiting the offices of the mayor regarding the opening of small businesses. Sometimes it is very advisable to be a member of the local chamber of commerce business since you will have relevant information to properly register your new business, learn about financing and loans available to minority businesses or local incentives and programs, departmental and generally any kind of support that exists in the locality or region where you operate. If you live in San Salvador will be very useful to visit the website:   to locate most goods distribution business and services. For locating government offices of El Salvador visit:
Nationwide offices can locate all departments entering www. If you want to export goods should Salvadorans visit to harness the resources of COEXPO-EL SALVADOR must register at no cost. Complete your information   
If you want to open a small food business have to meet stricter health standards, some training of workers, cooks hygiene, food handling refrigerated baths, fire-fighting equipment, emergency exits, etc.
When your business has paid employees have to meet standards of safety, accident prevention, verification of work permits for employees, local ventilation, environmental standards and other standards. Might suit visiting the website of the Ministry of Labor and Social Prevision of El Salvador:
If you initiate operations in Mexico or El Salvador and other countries in the region and your business operates in the space of your home for being a craft workshop, a publishing company, and so on.  You maybe entitled to deduct tax exemptions or insurance payment or part of it for you and your wife and children if working in the family business. In Mexico, visit   and   In El Salvador, visit:  and
For these reasons, it is advisable to pay an accountant you trust that as a small businessman and the possibility of performing many deductions for rental expenses, gasoline, purchase of office supplies or raw materials, including discounts on services such as electricity, gas and mail among others. A good accountant can save many dollars and the cost of the Tax accountant expert is definitely money well spent, is actually a wise investment. If you live in Mexico are advised joins the chamber of commerce or your local industry to industry visit and trade   visit In El Salvador visit:   and    If you live in Mexico, El Salvador or the United States, join the local chamber immediately to help your local business, usually the annual membership fee as an individual takes a bit more than average of $ 100 dollars, you get many benefits and new relationships for your business.
I wish much success in your new business, remember that even small, you should keep accounts and budgeting of costs and profits. If you do not have administrative preparation and marketing skills, do not worry, look for information in local chambers of commerce in your area, join as an individual to pay lower fees, if  you do not money to join, attend free workshops, go to social gatherings and do not get tired of asking always, Good luck in your new business


Este documento fue compilado por la Red Nacional para los Inmigrantes y Refugiados de Oakland y la Coalición para los Derechos Humanos de los Inmigrantes de Los Angeles.

Es importante que este informado de sus derechos antes, durante y después de que una redada se lleve a cabo. La información siguiente da importantes consejos sobre lo que debe hacer y no hacer si es detenido por agentes del Servicio de Inmigración, policía local o cualquier autoridad.

ANTES DE UNA REDADA,  se recomienda:

*Este preparado y adelante sus precauciones, contacte a un abogado de inmigración, su organización comunitaria o su consulado para estar informado de sus derechos.

*Sepa cuáles documentos usted debe llevar con usted todo el tiempo. Se aconseja que lleve su matricula consular o licencia de manejo del estado donde vive. Estos documentos contienen información acerca de usted pero nada sobre su situación migratoria.  No lleve documentos que haya traído de su país de origen y evite documentos falsos.

*Si es posible, lleve una tarjeta escrita en inglés donde usted declara que quiere ejercer su derecho de permanecer callado sin declarar en caso de que sea interrogado por agentes de Inmigración. Siempre lleve con usted los teléfonos de un abogado o del área de protección de su Consulado que le podrán proporcionar ayuda en caso que lo detengan.

* Informe a sus vecinos y compañeros de trabajo sin importar cual sea su situación migratoria de que tienen derecho a permanecer callados si agentes de Inmigración llegan a su vecindario o lugar de trabajo.


* No deje entrar a un agente de Inmigración o de la Policía a su casa si no tienen una orden escrita del juez -Court Warrant-, si no la tienen, necesitan su autorización para entrar a su casa. Digales que le muestren esa orden por debajo de la puerta. Dicha orden debe contener los nombres de las personas que los agentes están buscando. Debe estar firmada por un juez. Usted no debe abrir la puerta si los agentes no tienen esa orden (algo parecido a la llamada orden de cateo) y si su nombre o el de las personas que viven con usted no aparece en dicha orden.

*En caso de que los agentes de Inmigración o la Policía entraran a su casa sin esa autorización. Preguntele sus nombres o escriba los números de sus gafetes. Obtenga el nombre y teléfonos de cualquier testigo que haya observado cuándo y cómo entraron.

 *No trate de correr. Si usted lo hace, Inmigración puede usar eso en su contra. Puede negarse a responder preguntas sobre donde nació y su situación migratoria, hágalo solo si su abogado está presente para asesorarlo. Si usted da un nombre falso, sus familiares tendrán dificultad para localizarlo.

* Mientras está detenido, infórmelo y pida ayuda para resolver su problema. Comparta información acerca de la redada con sus compañeros de trabajo. Si existe un sindicato contacte a un representante sindical para conseguir apoyo.


Si la redada se lleva a cabo en su lugar de trabajo o en
aeropuertos siga las mismas recomendaciones: permanecer tranquilo y no correr, guarde silencio y no firme documentos hasta que tenga un abogado o un representante consular. “Mil veces major indocumentado que con documentos falsos”. Tiene derecho a ver un representante consular de su país.



 *No firme ningún documento. Si funcionarios de Inmigración tratan de convencerlo de firmar cualquier documento, usted puede negarse a firmar. Si firma., podría suceder que el documento que usted firmó les permite deportarlo sin darle oportunidad de ver a un abogado de Inmigración. Pida un recibo de cualquier objeto o dinero que le sea confiscado. Reporte cualquier incidente de abusos, -no tiene que dar su nombre- a su organización local o a su consulado.

También puede llamar a la Red Nacional de Apoyo a Inmigrantes y Refugiados al Tel. 510-465-1984, que le comuniquen a una persona que hable español y pida que le den teléfonos y direcciones de organizaciones a favor de derechos de inmigrantes en la localidad o región donde usted vive. Usted puede llamar al Departamento de Protección de su Consulado más cercano. Directorio de Consulados de México en el mundo se encuentra en: